Hanoi leaders pay tribute to eminent educator Chu Van An (16:10 16/11/2020)


HNP - On the occasion of the 650th death anniversary of the eminent teacher (1370-2020), a delegation of Hanoi leaders, led by Deputy Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee Nguyen Van Phong, offered incense to those who contributed to the country's education at the relic of Chu Van An Temple in Chi Linh City, Hai Duong Province on November 13.



Joining the delegation were Phung Thi Hong Ha, Vice Chairwoman of the municipal People’s Council; Ngo Van Quy, Vice Chairman of the municipal People’s Committee, along with leaders of Hai Duong Province. 
 
At the event, the delegates paid tribute to the respected teacher Chu Van An, who devoted his life to the humanistic education philosophy of regardless of his students’ wealth, teaching that learning goes hand in hand with practice and lifelong learning contributes to society.
 
Chu Van An, who lived between 1292 and 1370 in Van Thon Village, now part of Thanh Tri District in Ha Noi, has been an exemplary educator of all time.
 
Dai Viet Su Ky Toan Thu, or Complete Annals of Dai Viet, a 15-volume work published in the 15th and 16th centuries chronicling the history of the Vietnamese from 2879 BCE to 1697 CE, describes him as "straightforward, clean, truthful, and not bothered about benefits".
 
After he passed an examination considered the equivalent of a modern doctoral degree, An chose not to work for the court. Instead, he opened his own school to teach local children.
 
King Tran Minh Tong appointed him principal of Quoc Tu Giam, Vietnam’s first university, in Hanoi.
 
After Tran Minh Tong passed away, the reign of his successor, Tran Vuong or Tran Hien Tong was Ephimeral. 
 
Hien Tong’s heir, Tran Du Tong, then five years old, who was more interested in the pursuit of pleasure than ruling, left  the country in chaos  and the government full of corrupt mandarins. An tried to advise the king in a last-ditch effort to save the country, submitting a petition to behead seven mandarins he believed had subverted the system for their own benefit.
 
After his petitioned was ignored,  An gave up his title and position, retreated to a mountainous area in Chi Linh District, Hai Duong Province, not from his hometown, to open a school.
 
In 1370, he passed away in Hai Duong.
 
A temple devoted to him, Chu Van An Temple is located in the place where he retired and opened a school, including three areas: temple dedicated to him, his tomb and Luu Quang Temple. The whole work was restored and built according to the Vietnamese traditional architecture. 
 
The annual Lunar New Year Spring Calligraphy Festival is held on the 8th Lunar January at the temple, attracting with a large number of residents and tourists. 
 
The temple was ranked as a National historical site in 2008.
 
The 206th meeting of the UNESCO Executive Board, held in Paris, France, approved the celebration of the 650th death anniversary of Chu Van An in 2020.
 
An becomes the fourth Vietnamese to be honored by UNESCO after Nguyen Trai, a Confucian scholar, poet, politician, and master strategist, President Ho Chi Minh and poet Nguyen Du.

By Tran Huong


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