Transport (01:22 15/01/2010)

HNP – Being the capital city located in the heart of Vietnam’s northern region, transport condition from Hanoi to other Vietnamese localities are quite favorable, including air, road, waterway and railway.

Photo: Noi Bai International Airport

In addition to Noi Bai International Airport which is some 35km from the heart of the city, Hanoi houses Gia Lam Airport in the east, Long Bien district. Gia Lam was Hanoi’s main airport in 1970s, but now, it only served helicopters and tourism services. Hanoi is the transport center of five domestic railways and one to Beijing, China, and many European countries. The stations of Gia Lam, Luong Yen, Nuoc Ngam and My Dinh and the southern one are the place to serve inter-province coaches running along National Highway 1A from the north to the south, National Highway 2 to Vinh Phuc, Phu Tho, Tuyen Quang and Ha Giang and National Highway 3 to Thai Nguyen and Cao Bang, National Highway 5A to Haiphong and Quang Ninh, National Highway 6 to Hoa Binh, Son La and Lai Chau and National Highway 32 to Son Tay Phu Tho. Regarding waterway transport, Hanoi also has many important ports like Pha Den for ships to Hung Yen, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh and Viet Tri and Ham Tu Quan to serve ships to Pha Lai.

In the inner city, streets of Hanoi are often crowded. Urban infrastructure system is in bad condition due to big flow of means of transport, particularly motorbike and recently cars. Particularly, local people’s awareness of traffic participants remains limited. In recent years, Hanoi only expanded between 5 and ten kilometers of road each year on average. Many local roads are unscientifically designed and non-synchronously, and traffic light system in several places are not really suitable. Moreover, the inundation after heavy rain causes difficulties for traffic participants. In the 2000s, the city has focused on developing the bus network, the most popular public mean of transport, but most of people still like personal vehicles, especially motorbikes.

Under the city’s transport plan approved in 2008 by the prime minister, the city will spend VND100 trillion for road development. Three belt roads and 30 main axis roads will be built and upgraded.


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