Control of motorcycle emissions to contribute to minimizing environmental pollution (15:16 27/06/2017)
According to a research on the quality of air in Viet Nam by the Green Innovation Development Center (GreenID), in the first quarter of 2017, Ha Noi witnessed a sharp increase of the number of days with the bad quality of air. The air quality index (AQI) reached 123 (at poor level) and the concentration of dust PM2.5 was 2.5 times higher than the national level, minimizing people’s living standards, abilities to attract investment and negatively affecting to tourism development. The major reason of air pollution in urban areas is the emissions discharged from motorcycles which use fossil fuels.
However, motorcycles are still major traffic vehicles meeting 90% of travel demands of the people. According to the calculation, now, motorcycles reach 95% of all vehicles and discharge about 94% HC, 87% CO, 57% NOx and 33% PM10 out of the total emissions of vehicles.
The statistics by the Traffic Police Department also shows that, by December 31, 2016, there were a total of 49,079,865 registered motorcycles throughout the country, accounting for 95% of the total traffic means. In Ha Noi alone, there were 5,255,245 motorbikes, 10,686 electric motorcycles, and 4,367 homemade motorcycles, in which, nearly a half of the number of motorbikes have been used for a long time.
Coping with the environment pollution and traffic accidents caused by old motorbikes, it is necessary for the capital city to boost inspection and control of motorcycle emissions, contributing to reducing air pollution, protecting public health in urban areas and attracting investment in trade and tourism.
Ha Noi gave a report on charging environmental fees for motorcycles to the Government. Accordingly, the roadmap includes two steps. Firstly, the capital city will control motorcycle emissions in the area in accordance with emission standards. Secondly, Ha Noi will suppose not to specify the shelf-life period for motorbikes in line with experiences on the world and solutions of the project “Strengthening the management of traffic means and environmental pollution in Ha Noi for the 2017 – 2020 period with a vision to 2030” which is being built by the city.
In addition, the capital city also outlined another roadmap including three phases. Phase 1, from 2017 to June 30, 2018, Ha Noi will complete the system of legal documents and technical standards for motorbikes. Phase 2, from July 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019, the city will monitor emissions of motorbikes with the cylinder capacity of at least 175cm3 in the area; set up the management organ to check motorcycle emissions in the Central agencies; collect and remove old vehicles which do not meet technical and emission criteria. Phase 3, after 2020, Ha Noi will check, evaluate and give a report to the Government on implementation results and measures in the next period; develop systems, networks of emission testing facilities according to the proposed plan; retrieve and remove all old vehicles which do not meet technical and emission criteria.